Writing research results and discussions

After completing the experiments you will have much greater insight into the subject, and by going through some of the literature again, information that seemed trivial before, or was overlooked, may tie something together and therefore prove very important to your own interpretation.

To show correlations how well does one thing predict another? The description must include both physical and biological characteristics of the site pertinant to the study aims. All patients underwent elective intra abdominal procedures.

It is characterized by single actions per sentence and lots of unnecessary details. Of course you did, because that is what all good scientists do, and it is a given that you recorded your measurements and observations.

Someone else should be able to go to the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area. Does it say what you wanted it to say? Here the author assumes the reader has basic knowledge of microbiological techniques and has deleted other superfluous information.

Writing a Results Section

Remember that the Results section has both text and illustrative materials Tables and Figures. Be sure to cite the works that you refer to.

Consider the following two examples: In this example the reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the Methods.

Syringes of identical appearence containing either agent were prepared by the satellite pharmacist, who alone was aware of group assignment.

Balanced Review of the Primary Research Literature: Do an in-depth, balanced review of the primary research literature relevant to your study questions prior to designing and carrying out the experiments. Avoid using ambiguous terms to identify controls or treatments, or other study parameters that require specific identifiers to be clearly understood.

Interpretation of your results includes discussing how your results modify and fit in with what we previously understood about the problem. Describe how the data were summarized and analyzed. Miller PharmD, Michael P.

The lid was then raised slightly. The Methods section is prone to being wordy or overly detailed.

Writing a Discussion Section

Are the results of statistical analysis presented? You should write the Materials and Methods section upon completion of the experiment.

Evaluating the medical literature Part III: PC World Sep: Nurse Anesthesia ;4 3: Location data must be as precise as possible: Evaluating the medical literature Part I: The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr.

This review will help you learn what is known about the topic you are investigating and may let you avoid unnecessarily repeating work done by others.

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference between ondansetron and droperidol in preventing PONV.

Why is Table 1 in most studies? Most authors revise their paper s at least x before giving it out for peer review. You may want to identify certain types of equipment by vendor name and brand or category e. If you have performed experiments at a particular location or lab because it is the only place to do it, or one of a few, then you should note that in your methods and identify the lab or facility.

It is good practice to note the one or two key results that each Table or Figure conveys and use this information as a basis for writing the Results section.

Choosing graph types To compare proportions and relative amounts How big? If they do not, explain why not, or you may leave it unresolved "We cannot account for the difference seen in This includes giving the 1 source supplier or where and how the orgranisms were collected2 typical size weight, length, etc3 how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, 4 how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment.

When using standard lab or field methods and instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures e. Avoid repeatedly using a single sentence to relate a single action; this results in very lengthy, wordy passages.I prefer to write in the following form: (1) Presentation of the hypotheses; (2) Presentation of the results in the research; (3) Discussion of the results with based in the National or.

Writing a results section is important because it announces the findings used in the conclusion. The next stage of any research paper: writing the results section, The first method is to present the results and add a short discussion explaining them at the end, before leading into the discussion proper.

How to write the results and discussion

Handbook of Biomedical Research Writing: The Results and Discussion Section by Jocelyn Graf Hanyang University Center for Teaching and Learning English Writing Lab The results and discussion sections present your research findings and your analysis of those findings.

The Difficulties of Writing a Discussion Section. In an ideal world, you could simply reject your null or alternative hypotheses according to the significance levels found by the statistics. That is the main point of your discussion section, but the process is usually a lot more complex than that.

Explaining the meaning of the results to the reader is the purpose of the discussion section of a research paper. There are elements of the discussion that should be included and other things that should be.

As you become more skilled writing research papers, you may want to meld the results of your study with a discussion of its implications.

Driscoll, Dana Lynn and Aleksandra Kasztalska. Writing the Experimental Report: Methods, Results, and Discussion.

Writing research results and discussions
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